The Sinarquistas was a right wing national union formed in Guanajuato in 1937. Their stated purpose was to fight Communism and reinvigorate the Catholic Church. Rivera depicts them as masked terrorists, raiding a rural village, dragging off women and setting fire to a thatched roof cooperative farm building. The “Escuela Rural” in the background stands for the positive changes brought by the Revolution, which these vandals are destroying.

Private collection, Tampa, Florida

Pete Hamill, Diego Rivera, New York, 1999, illus. p. 168